June 23, 2016 at 5:57 am #2202
Hartshorn/Baking Ammonia Recipes
Submitted by bettina on April 28, 2005 at 11:05 am
Hartshorn/baking ammonia recipes
Yield 0 File under Misc. Recipes & Requests
From an online article regarding speculaas, and springerle molds:
German specialty cookies look almost too good to eat
By Linda Giuca
Like Santa and the elves who work weeks in advance to fill the toy orders of hopeful boys and girls, German bakers never wait until the last minute to bake the spice cookie called “spekulatius.”
“My grandmother would start two months before Christmas,” says Ragna Tischler Goddard, who grew up in Germany. “There would be all these tins, because the cookies have to cure. The aroma would permeate the house. To me, Christmas in Germany is all about the aroma.”
As this holiday season approaches, Goddard’s husband, Tom, is continuing the tradition of baking the fragrant and ornate cookies. Unlike doughs that are dropped by tablespoons onto a cookie sheet or rolled and cut out with cookie cutters, spekulatius (speck-you-lah-tee-us) cookies take their shape from special molds.
Intricate designs are carved into planks of wood. The gingerbread-colored, pliable dough is pressed into these designs, then popped out of the mold onto cookie sheets and baked. The resulting cookie is a mirror image of the design.
“They are pictures that you can eat,” says Tom Goddard, who is pastry chef and co-owner, with his wife, at Sundial Gardens’ tearoom in Higganum, Connecticut. The Goddards own some antique spekulatius molds, dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, that they bought from an antiques dealer. The rectangular wooden molds themselves are works of art and hang on the walls in the couple’s home. One oversize mold, called a betrothal mold, has the carved indentation of a bride on one side and the bridegroom on the other. The figures are so large that the molded cookies probably would overhang a modern-day cookie sheet.
Another mold holds a collection of animal figures, including a pig, horse and wolf. “I think that the original animal crackers probably came from these cookies,” Tom Goddard says. Inanimate objects such as a smoker’s pipe, a musket and a holiday wreath also are represented among the Goddards’ molds.
Too good to eat
Spekulatius look almost too good to eat. “When we were in Germany, we saw them hanging on red ribbons in bakery windows,” Ragna Goddard says. The cookies are not only a staple at Christmastime but also baked for special occasions, such as an anniversary, when they are given as edible gifts.
The spicy, crisp cookie is a specialty of Germany’s Rhine area and Holland, says the Web site http://www.epicurious.com. The name spekulatius — or “speculaas,” as they are called in Holland — is derived from the Latin word for an overseer, which in the fourth century was one of the duties of a bishop.
Spekulatius are not to be confused with another German specialty, “springerle,” another holiday cookie. Springerle, a confectioners’ sugar dough often flavored with lemon oil, are rolled cookies, usually cut into squares, with a design pressed into the dough. These cookies are set aside for a day or two to set before baking, so that the dough doesn’t puff up during baking and destroy the design, Tom Goddard says.
Where springerle dough is creamy white and delicately flavored, spekulatius dough is “heavily spiced and very hearty,” he says, although the flavor isn’t that pronounced right from the oven. “As the cookies age, the pungent spices like cinnamon, ginger, cloves, nutmeg and cardamom develop their distinctive flavors.”
The Goddards have found that children gravitate toward spekulatius, especially when the shapes take the form of St. Nicholas, muskets and animals. Springerle, the Goddards say, are more appealing to adults because their elegant designs seem destined for nibbling with afternoon tea.
Spekulatius molds are available by mail order from House on the Hill in Villa Park, Ill., which specializes in reproductions of old cookie molds. The company has a variety of spekulatius molds and springerle stamps. The spekulatius molds range in price from $16 to about $50. For information, call 630-279-4455 or visit http://www.houseonthehill.net.
Springerle molds, including rolling pins engraved with designs, are easier to find at local kitchenware shops.
Yield depends on mold
Although baking soda can be substituted, Goddard’s recipes for spekulatius and springerle call for ammonium bicarbonate, also known as hirschorn salz. This leavening, similar to baking soda, is used in European baking.
3 cups all-purpose flour, sifted
1/2 teaspoon ammonium bicarbonate or baking soda
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
2 teaspoons ground ginger
1/4 teaspoon ground cloves
1 teaspoon ground nutmeg
Pinch of cardamom
1/4 teaspoon ground white pepper (optional)
12 tablespoons unsalted butter, softened at room temperature
1 cup packed light brown sugar
-1/3 cup plus 2 tablespoons milk
1. In a large bowl, combine the flour, ammonium bicarbonate or baking soda, salt and the spices. (The white pepper adds a bit more “spicy tang” to the flavor but is not necessary, Tom Goddard says.) Set aside.
2. In the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with a dough paddle, beat the butter and brown sugar on medium speed until thoroughly blended, about 3 to 4 minutes. On low speed, gradually add about half of the flour mixture. Stop mixer from time to time to scrape the sides of the bowl with a rubber spatula to incorporate the unmixed flour.
3. Add the milk and remaining flour and mix until a dough begins to form. It will look crumbly. Remove bowl from the mixer and, with lightly floured hands, form a ball with the dough, then place on a lightly floured countertop and knead until soft and firm. Cut the dough into 6 to 8 pieces, wrap individually in plastic wrap and refrigerate 2 to 3 days to allow the spice mixture to develop.
4. When ready to mold the cookies, remove several pieces of dough from the refrigerator and allow them to soften a bit.
5. Lightly flour each cookie mold; turn over; and tap to remove excess flour.
6. On a lightly floured surface, roll out a portion of the dough. Press dough firmly into the cavity of each mold. Cut away any excess dough from the borders, then turn over the mold and tap gently to release the unbaked dough. (If dough does not pull away easily from the mold, use the tip of a paring knife to release it.)
7. Put cookies on parchment-covered cookie sheet and bake in a preheated 350-degree oven for 15 to 20 minutes. (If you are not ready to bake the cookies after unmolding them, return them to the refrigerator to keep their shape.)
8. Remove cookies from cookie sheet and cool thoroughly. Store spekulatius between wax paper in covered tin containers.
No analysis available.
Yield depends on mold
1/4 teaspoon ammonium bicarbonate or baking soda
1 tablespoon milk
3 large eggs
3 cups sifted confectioners’ sugar
4 tablespoons softened unsalted butter
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon lemon, almond or anise oil
21/2 cups sifted all-purpose flour
1. In a small bowl, mix the ammonium bicarbonate and the milk; set aside.
2. In the bowl of an electric mixer outfitted with a wire whip, beat the eggs until thick, about 10 to 12 minutes. Gradually beat in the confectioners’ sugar and softened butter. Add the milk mixture, salt and lemon oil.
3. Change to the dough paddle of the mixer and gradually add about three-quarters of the flour, mixing until incorporated. With a wooden spoon, add the remaining flour until dough begins to stiffen.
4. Transfer dough to a lightly floured countertop, and continue to knead in as much flour as possible. The dough should be firm and not sticky.
5. On a lightly floured surface, roll out a portion of the dough to about 1/2-inch thick. Lightly flour each springerle cookie press; turn over; and tap to remove excess flour. Firmly press each mold into the dough. With a sharp knife dipped in flour, cut around each design. With a spatula, put cookies on parchment-covered cookie sheet and let them rest for at least two days before baking. Cookies need to air dry for this period of time in order for the designs to remain when baked. Cover lightly with a sheet of wax paper or a clean dish towel while they are resting.
6. When ready to bake, preheat oven to 300 degrees. Bake cookies in upper level of oven for 10 to 12 minutes, depending on size and thickness. Watch carefully. Cookies should not be brown at all; they should be pale, almost like the unbaked dough. When cool, cookies can be stored between wax paper in tin containers.
No analysis available.
From a German vegetarian products website, Zwergenwiese. One of the ingredients listed here is their basil spread, which is used as a bread spread, according to their product listing. I have no idea whether this is truly called for, or if it’s a “boo-boo”! I’ve contacted the firm for their advice, on whether it can be omitted, or not.
300g whole-wheat flour, 250g coconut flakes, 290g honey, 400ml cocoa-milk, 50 g milled nuts, 50g milled almonds, 4 tablespoon oat flakes, 3 heaped tablespoon, basil spread, 2-3 tablespoon rum, 2 teaspoon baking powder, 1 teaspoon salt of hartshorn, 1 pinch of salt, 1 teaspoon gingerbread spice, 1 teaspoon cinnamon
prep: Mix it all, spread it on a greased baking tray and decorate with half almonds. Bake at 160C degrees for about 35-40 min
From a Swedish website:
Swedish easter cake (Semla)
This is a Swedish easter cake, that should be eaten on the tuesday four weeks before easter – but it tastes so good that everybody is more than happy to break this rule…
1 dl of sugar
100 g butter
1 pinch of salt
3 dl of milk
1 l of flour
1/2 tsp of salt of hartshorn
1/2 dl of ground almonds per bun
1/2 dl of sugar per bun
Whipped cream – lots of it.
Melt the butter and add the milk. Pour into a bowl. Add yeast and mix. Add sugar and salt, and then the flour, a little at the time. Let the dough rise for an hour (to doubble size).
Make the buns. Let them grow for half an hour on a buttered baking tin. Paint with some egg. Bake in the oven at 250? C for 10 min.
NOTE: do this just before eating
Now let the buns cool and then cut of a small lid on top (triangular or circular, depending on taste). Make the lid just big enough for next step. Now take out the interior of the bun with a spoon. Make as big a hollow as you dare.
Now mix the ground almond with the dough you took out and with the sugar. Add milk until it looks like some kind of porrige. Put this back into the buns.
Whip the cream and put on top (lots of it – never mind the calories) and to crown the cake – the lid.
You either enjoy this as a desert after, for instance, soup, or with strong coffe at teatime. Some people enjoy eating it out of a bowl with warm milk in it. This is called (hetv?gg), and it’s nice – the semla gets a bit soggy this way.
From an Epicurious thread re hartshorn cookie recipes:
Several of my mothers old cookie recipes
use hartshorn and I make some of them. The
first two recipes are hers and they are
rather similar to cookies I?ve seen in
Swedish cookbooks. The rest are from a
Swedish book published around 1950.
I use metric measures and haven?t converted
them. Let me know if you need help with
200 g all purpose flour
100 g shredded coconut
200 g butter
125 g sugar
1 tbsp cocoa
1/2 tsp hartshorn
1/2 tsp vanilla essence
extra sugar for dipping
Preheat oven to 400 F. Mix all the
ingredients and knead the dough into a ball.
Take a piece of the dough and roll it into a
roll as thick as a finger. Cut into small
pieces (the size should be somewhere between
walnut and hazelnut), flatten them slightly,
dip one side into sugar and place them,
sugared side up, on a baking sheet covered
with parchment paper (they do not spread
much). Bake on a top shelf for around 8
Potato flour cookies
100 g potato flour
100 g flour
100 g sugar
1/2 tsp hartshorn
100 g butter
some dark chocolate (optional)
Mix potato flour, flour, sugar and hartshorn
and cut the cold butter into the mixture.
Make a well in the middle, pour the egg into
it and mix the dry ingredients gradually
into it. Knead the dough into a ball and
refrigerate for at least 2 hours. Preheat
oven to 380 F. Roll and cut into small
pieces as in the previous recipe but do not
flatten. Place on papered baking sheet (they
do not spread much) and bake for 8-10
minutes, or until they are just beginning to
color faintly. Cool them. If wished, melt
some chocolate and dribble it from a
teaspoon over the cookies, moving the spoon
to and fro.
175 g flour
1/2 tsp hartshorn
100 g butter
50 g sugar
1 1/2 egg
25 g chopped almonds
2 tbps pearl sugar (very coarse sugar; same
as rock sugar??)
Sift flour and hartshorn and cut the cold
butter into it. Make a well in the middle,
break the whole egg into it and mix the dry
ingredients gradually into it. Knead into a
ball, adding some flour if needed.
Refrigerate for at least 2 hours. Preheat
oven to 400 F. Roll the dough out thin and
cut out circles, 2 ? 2 1/ 2 inches in
diameter. Place on a papered cookie sheet,
brush with remaining egg, sprinkle with
almonds and pearl sugar and bake on a top
shelf until they begin to brown slightly at
French pepperkaker (but they are Swedish
250 g butter
200 g sugar
200 g golden syrup
125 g grated almonds
1 1/2 tsp cinnamon
1 1/2 tsp cloves
1 tsp hartshorn
around 650 g flour
Whip the butter until soft. Add sugar, syrup
and spices, then add most of the flour and
the hartshorn. Knead the dough thoroughly,
adding almonds in the process. When the
dough is smooth and shiny it is rolled into
rather thick rolls. Flatten them slightly to
make them almost square, then wrap them in
cellophane and refrigerate overnight.
Preheat oven to 375 F, then cut the rolls
into thin slices with a sharp knife. Place
on papered cookie sheet and bake on the top
shelf of the oven.
200 g butter
200 g sugar
1 tbsp vanilla sugar (or 1 tsp vanilla
300 g flour
1 tsp hartshorn
Melt the butter and heat it until it is
about to begin to change color, then pour it
into a bowl and let cool a little. Add sugar
and mix well. Add flour, vanilla sugar and
hartshorn. Preheat oven to 325 F. Roll dough
into small balls and place on a papered
cookie sheet (or keep back a bit of flour
and use a teaspoon to shape the dough). Keep
some distance between the cookies, as they
will spread. Bake until beginning to brown
on edges. Spread the bottom of half the
cookies with jam and sandwich them togheter.
(No, I don?t know why the Swedes call them
by this name.)
From a Norwegian cooking website:
Norwegian Oat Biscuits
300g plain flour
250g chopped oatmeal
2 teaspoons ammonium carbonate
1 1/2dl (150ml) milk
Preheat oven to 200’C.
Crumble the butter into all the dry ingredients. Add the milk in last.
Let stand for a few minutes.
Roll out and cut out shapes.
Bake on baking trays lined with baking paper until they are golden brown.
Store in an airtight container after cooling on a cooling rack.
LEIRFALL, M.A. and PAULSEN, R. 1989, Tr?ndermat, Det Norske Samlaget, Oslo.
From House on the Hill’s website…recipes and springerle molds galore!
Perfection Springerle Cookies
These whisked-egg holiday cookies date back to at least the 1600’s and are made in Bavaria, Switzerland and the Alsace area of France. For eating quality, ease and quality of prints this recipe is just perfection!
1/2 teaspoon baker’s ammonia (Hartshorn) or baking powder
2 tablespoons milk
6 large eggs, room temperature
6 cups powdered sugar (1 – 1 1/2 #)
1/2 cup unsalted butter, softened but not melted
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon oil of anise, lemon or any other flavor (Flavors)
2 lb. box sifted cake flour (Swansdown or Softasilk)
grated rind of orange or lemon – optional (enhances flavor of the traditional anise or the citrus flavors)
more flour as needed
Dissolve hartshorn in milk and set aside. Beat eggs till thick and lemon-colored (10-20 minutes). Slowly beat in the powdered sugar, then the softened butter. Add the hartshorn and milk, salt, preferred flavoring, and grated rind of lemon or orange, if desired. Gradually beat in as much flour as you can with the mixer, then stir in the remainder of the 2 lbs. of flour to make stiff dough. Turn onto floured surface and knead in enough flour to make a good print without sticking. Follow general directions for imprinting and drying cookies. Bake on greased or baker’s parchment-lined cookie sheets at 255? to 325? till barely golden on the bottom, 10-15 minutes or more, depending on size of cookie. Store in airtight containers or in zipper bags in the freezer. They keep for months, and improve with age. Yield 3 to 12 dozen
Three cups of sugar, one cup of lard, one pint of sweet milk, two eggs, five cents worth of lemon oil, five cents worth of baking ammonia. Pound the ammonia fine, and pour on it half a teacup of boiling water. Mix as stiff as bread; roll out, and cut.
From KA’s recipes, with my own notes:
?2002- King Arthur Flour/The Baker’s Catalogue
All comments & notes on this recipe are from the above company.
Purchase Ingredients for this recipe
Our jaws dropped, literally, when we tasted these cookies in the test kitchen. As I said above, many tasters had an immediate flashback to the sugar cookies of their youth. The ultra-tender, light, melt-in-your-mouth texture is unlike anything you can get (well, at least anything we can get) using baking powder or baking soda. That said,I apologize for calling for an ingredient here that many of you may not have, but in this case, it’s essential to the cookie. Baker’s ammonia (ammonium carbonate) is inexpensive; it may be available in your local pharmacy, and is certainly available in our catalogue;click on the link above to reach it on our Web site.
1 1/4 cups (9 ounces) sugar
2 sticks (8 ounces) unsalted butter
1 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 teaspoons vanilla
2 cups (8 1/2 ounces) King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
1/4 teaspoon baker’s ammonia
MIXING AND SHAPING: In a medium-sized bowl, beat together the sugar, butter, salt and vanilla. Add the flour and baker’s ammonia, and beat till the dough almost comes together; it’ll seem quite dry at first, but keep beating, eventually it’ll become chunky and cohesive. Squeeze the dough together, gather it into a ball, and break off pieces about the size of a shelled chestnut (about 3/4 ounce, about 21g). Roll the pieces into balls, and roll them in sparkling sugar (or granulated sugar) if desired. Put them on parchment-lined or lightly greased baking sheets, and use the bottom of a glass, dipped in sugar if necessary to prevent sticking, to flatten the balls to about 1/4- to 3/8-inch thick.
BAKING: Bake the cookies in a preheated 300F oven for 30 minutes, until they’re a very light golden brown. Remove them from the oven, and cool on a rack. Yield: about 33 2 1/2-inch cookies.
These take EXACTLY thirty minutes, in my ovens…they will be a pale golden brown color, when done. I mix the ammonia, into the flour, and then sift it into a bowl…that way I’m ensured of not having any lumps or clumps of the ammonia powder. These cookies are GOOD!
From “Ellen’s Kitchen, attributed to Nick Malgieri:
Biscotti Napoletani (honey)
NICK MALGIERI-Makes 60 Biscotti
Be careful with the first baking of these biscotti. Even though they are baked a second time after being cut, if they do not bake sufficiently the first time, the biscotti will have a hard, heavy core.
2 C all-purpose flour
3/4 C sugar
3/4 C whole, unblanched almonds, finely ground
1/2 t bicarbonate of ammonia or 1/2 t each, baking powder and baking soda
1/2 t cinnamon
3/4 C whole, unblanched almonds
1/3 C honey
1/3 C water
PREHEAT OVEN TO 350F. Combine all ingredients except honey and water in a mixing bowl and stir a minute or 2 to mix. Add the honey and water and stir until a firm dough forms.
Remove dough from bowl and divide in half. Roll each half into a log about 15 inches long. Place both logs, well apart, on a jelly roll pan lined with parchment or buttered wax paper.
Bake about 30 minutes, until well risen, firm and a dark golden color. Remove from oven, cool logs slightly and place on a cutting board.
Slice the logs diagonally at 1/2-inch intervals. Return the cut biscotti to the pan, cut side down, and bake an additional 15 minutes, until lightly colored and dry. Cool on the pan. Store in a tin–they keep well.
From “Jo’s Icelandic recipes” site:
Loftkokur – Air cookies/chocolate meringues
Another cookie recipe my mother always bmakes for Christmas. These delicious candy cookies are light as air and melt on the tongue. The rising agent, baker’s ammonia, unfortunately makes a big stink while the cookies are baking. I’ve seen these cookies for sale in Denmark, where they are called Rutebiler, or “Buses”
1 kg icing sugar 3 tsp. bakers’ ammonia
3 tblsp cocoa 3 ea eggs, beaten
Mix the dry ingredients and beaten eggs and knead well. Run the dough through a cookie press or meat grinder with cookie attachment. Use this attachment:(wavy tip) . Each cake should be about 5 cm (2 inches) long. Bake in the center of the oven for 8-10 minutes at 175?C. These cookies are light and airy, with a hollow center.
The unbaked cookies don’t need to be big – they will expand in size 3-4 times during the baking.
Another Icelandic recipe:
Vinarterta – Viennese cake
also called Randal?n – “The striped one”
This cake is famous among the “Western-Icelanders” – the descendants of Icelandic immigrants in Canada and the U.S. For them, there is hardly anything more Icelandic than V?narterta.
In spite of the name, I think it probably originated in Denmark. The “Western-Icelandic” version is somewhat different from this – you can find one variation at the INL recipe collection. Here is my grandmother’s recipe.
500 g flour 250 g sugar
250 g margarine/butter, soft 2 ea. eggs
1 1/2 tsp. baker’s ammonia (ammonium carbonate) pinch baking powder
essence of cardamom/pinch of ground cardamom
Mix together all dry ingredients. Add the margarine/butter, kneading until well mixed. Cool in the refrigerator for 12-24 hours. Roll out into a thickness of approx. 1 to 1 1/2 cm. You can divide the dough now or after baking, into as many parts as you want layers (3-5 is the usual). Try to keep each portion the same shape, size and thickness as the others. Bake in the centre of the oven at 200?C, until golden in colour and done through. Remove from the oven and allow to cool. When the cake is almost cold, spread rhubarb jam or prune jam (see recipe below) on top of all layers except one and sandwich the layers together.
-This cake freezes well and thaws quickly, and is liked by almost everyone.
-Brown V?narterta: Add some cocoa to the recipe and use vanilla butter icing instead of jam, or alternate layers of icing and jam
-Alternate layers of jam and butter icing
To make prune jam: take one kilo (approx. 2 lbs.) prunes with pits, or equivalent in pitted prunes. Soak the prunes in water to soften and remove the pits. Mince the prunes and cook on low for 30 minutes with 650 g sugar. Cool before spreading on cake.
From a Swedish genealogy site:
Anette Alm, Kallinge
Pretzels for Coffee
7oo ml wheat flour
100 ml sugar
3-4 tsp hartshorn
1 cup cream
150-200g butter, room temperature
Place the wheat flour on the work surface. Add the sugar and hartshorn. Add the soft butter. Mix the butter and flour lightly with your hands. Lastly you add the cream. Kneed it all together to a soft dough. If it feels too soft you can add some flour. Roll the dough into little rolls and shape the pretzels. Dip them in sugar. Bake in the oven in 225? Centigrade, for about 5 minutes.
Keep an eye on them because one minute they have no colour and the next they are black!
9 T. cream
1/2 cup + 2-1/2 T. syrup
1/2 cup + 2-1/2 T. sugar
7 T. butter
2 cups flour
1/4 tsp. pepper
1/4 tsp. ginger
1/4 tsp. anise
1/4 tsp. cinnamon
3/4 tsp. hartshorn salt
3/4 tsp. baking soda
Almonds, blanched, for decorating
Boil cream, syrup, and sugar together. Stir in butter and let mixture cool until lukewarm. Sift in dry ingredients and knead the dough to mix thoroughly. Chill overnight. Roll dough out to be as thin as possible and cut into diamond shapes. Lay on a greased baking sheet. Place half a blanched almond on each cookie. For a shiny finish, brush cookies with egg white. Bake at 350? F for 5 minutes.
Excerted from December, 1999, Viking Magazine “Velkommen til Bords.” Recipe from TINE Norske Meierier, the Norwegian dairy cooperative. Recipe is translated and converted from metric to U.S. measurements.
1 lb sugar
1 lb flour
1/4 lb citron
1/4 lb almonds
1 tsp each cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg [ground]
Grated rind of 1 lemon
1/2 tsp hartshorn crystals [avail. at drugstores]
Beat together the eggs and sugar until light. Sift together the dry
ingredients and add the hartshorn crystals which have been crushed well. Let
dough stand overnight. Next day, form balls the size of a large walnut.
Make a thin mixture of powdered sugar and milk and brush it on the cookies .
Flatten them slightly, bake at 300 F until brown, possibly 20 minutes.
Danish Christmas Baking
(Makes approx. 400)
1 cup sirup
1/2 cup sugar
1/4 cup butter
3 1/2 cups flour
1 teaspoon chrushed cloves
1 teaspoon cinnamon
grated rind of 1 lemon
1/2 oz. potash potash (potassium bicarbonate)
pinch of salt of hartshorn
This sounds like an awful lot of peppernuts. But Christmas lasts quite a long time and no Danish family has ever found they had enough of them.
Boil sirup, butter and sugar together in a pot. When cool, sift in the rest of the ingredients. The dough must be allowed to stand for 48 hours, preferably in a warm place. Knead dough again and roll out to 1/2 in. thickness. Cut into small pieces and form into balls. Place on greased cookie sheet and bake in moderate oven.
(Makes approx. 150)
4 cups flour
1 cup butter
1/4 cup cream
1/2 cup sugar
1/2 teaspoon of hartshorn
An old Danish Christmas custom demands that no visitor to your house during Christmas may be allowed to leave without having tasted your Christmas cookies otherwise you risk of the visitor?s ?carrying the Christmas spirit away?. So you might as well make a double portion of >these while you are at it.
Mix all the ingredients together into a dough and set aside to cool for about half an hour. Roll out thin and cut into strips about 1 1/4 in. wide. (cut the strips across diagonally into smaller strips about 3 1/2 in. in length. In the middle of each of these smaller pieces make a slash with the point of a knife. Pull one end of the piece through the slash to form a halfknot. Drop into boiling fat and cook until golden brown, turning now and again with a fork. Lift out with a perforated spoon and place in a strainer to allow the fat to drip off.
BRUNE KAGER (brown cookies)
(Makes approx. 300)
1 2/3 cups sirup
1 cup brown sugar
1/4 cup butter
4 cups flour
1/2 oz. potash
1/2 teaspoon salt of hartshorn
1/4 oz. crushed cinnamon
1/4 oz. ginger
1/4 oz. cardemom
grated rind of 1 lemon
Melt the butter in a pot. Add sirup and brown sugar and heat. Stir in the spices, then the potash and the salt of hartshorn (previously dissolved in a little water). When cool, sift in flour and let the batter stand 24 hours. Roll out very thin. Cut into round shapes with a wineglass, or diamonds, or squares, or, if you are feeling ambitious and want to enter into the Christmas spirit, form little men, women, hearts, flags etc. brush with water. Stick a whole almond on the top of each cookie, or else a few chopped pieces. Bake in a slow oven.
Copyright 1998 Consulate
Christmas cookies, that not only taste delicious but also give your home the lovely scent of Christmas.
Christmas cookies with a taste of honey
250 g honey
1 tsp cinnamon
1 tsp cloves
1/2 tsp ginger
2 tsp potash (from a pharmacy)
11/2 tsp hartshorn
4 dl flour
Pour honey in a saucepan and let it melt over mild heat. Mix in the spices. Mix the potash first with the eggyolk and then with the honey. Mix in flour and hartshorn. Knead the dough carefully. Put the dough in the fridge until next day. (Enjoy “glogg” in the meantime – i.e. Swedish mulled wine)
Roll out the dough on a table on which you have sprinkled flour and use specific molds to take out different shapes of cookies.
Bake in oven, in 175 degrees, for 5-10 minutes, depending on the size.
Potash can be obtained through German markets…and according to this site, here:
Potassium bicarbonate is one of the substances known as potash. This, as well as potassium carbonate, is also known as pearl ash. It is KHCO3. The potassium bicarbonate used in these tests was purchased at a home brewery supply store. It is manufactured by Crosby and Baker, Ltd.
Recipes which are made but once a year are something special, something to look forward to, something belonging to, and part of a festivity. Tradition means the transmission of customs and practices through successive generations. Old German recipes could almost be called verbal inheritance because they have been handled down through centuries, each generation changing them a bit to adapt them to its own lifestyle.
Those who know old German traditions know that one would never find Lebkuchen or Pfeffernuesse in the bakeries at any other time but Christmas. Marzipan may be used as an almond filling in cakes or candies throughout the year, but has its special place in the traditional Christmas market. Then it is decorated with candied fruits, made into heart-shaped forms, vegetables, fruits, birds and animals.
The housewife who properly prepare Christmas cookies must follow a strenuous program and must begin her preparations about the first of November. The dough which is mixed with honey should stand for some time for fermentation and ripening of flavor. Be assured also that if she once begins to provide these delicacies for the Christmas season, the family will always demand them. The taste will be connected with Christmas and it will never be Christmas again without them. However, the appreciation is ample payment for all the work.
The first step is to assemble all the spices, to chop and grind the nuts and fruit. Care should be taken to gauge the quantity needed, for it takes nearly all of one day to cut and bake a large recipe of Pfeffernuesse, and the forming of Marzipan is also a very slow and time-consuming process.
The following recipes will show how these old Christmas cookies can be made in small batches. I give the traditional recipes intended to provide sweets throughout the whole Christmas season.
1/2 cup water
2 cups brown sugar
3/4 pounds honey
1 tablespoons butter
Heat to a boil and pour hot over the flour and spice mixture:
7 cups flour
1 teaspoon ground anise seed or 1/4 teaspoon anise oil
1 tablespoon ground cardamon seed
grated peel of 1/2 orange and 1/4 lemon
2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
1/8 pound finely chopped citron
1/8 pound finely chopped almonds, if desired
1 1/2 teaspoons almond extract
1/2 tablespoon salt
When the two parts are mixed, add 1 teaspoon of potash (potassium bicarbonate) dissolved in a little water. When the mixture is slightly cooled, add the beaten yolks of 4 eggs. Then add 1/2 teaspoon of hartshorn (ammonium carbonate or bakers ammonia) dissolved in a little water (rosewater is preferred). Mix thoroughly and let rest one to two weeks in the refrigerator. Roll stiff in long pieces the thickness of a finger, cut in small slices, about 1/4 inch thick, using more flour if necessary. Bake in a 300 degrees oven for about 20-30 minutes. Pack away in a tin container.
Honigkuchen or Lebkuchen
1 pound honey
1/2 pound sugar
1 tablespoon butter
1/2 teaspoon water
Pour hot over the flour mixture:
1 1/2 pounds flour (5-6 cups)
1 tablespoon ground cloves
grated peel of 1/2 orange and 1/2 lemon
1/4 pound citron chopped very fine
a little cardamon
a little cinnamon
1 pinch ginger
1/2 teaspoon salt
After pouring the hot honey mixture over the flour mixture, add 2 teaspoons of hartshorn (see previous recipe) dissolved in a little warm water. Let cool and add 4 egg yolks and then 1 teaspoon of potash dissolved in a little warm water. Let rest in the refrigerator for about 8 days. Roll out about 1/4 inch thick, cut in forms and bake at 300 degrees for about 20 minutes. Cover with white or chocolate frosting. It may also be baked in a flat form and decorated with almonds. Cut while hot.
R?derkuchen or Hobelsp?ne
2 cups flour
1/2 teaspoon baking powder
1 tablespoon sugar
1/8 pound butter
a little grated lemon peel
less than 1/8 teaspoon cinnamon
almond extract as desired
Mix all dry ingredients. Chill the butter and cut into the flour mixture with a pastry cutter or a knife. Then beat the egg, add to flour mixture and mix thoroughly. Roll out thin and cut with a notched curly wheel, first in parallel lines, and once inch apart, then crossing these lines diagonally at the distance of 2 1/2 inches apart. Next cut a little slit in the middle of each of the rhombus-shaped pieces, and draw one end through the slit. They may also be shaped in the form of a wheel. Fry in a bout 3/4 pounds of deep fat. Drain on paper and sprinkle with powdered sugar.
From “My Old-fashioned recipes:
OLD-FASHIONED HAMBURGER COOKIES
Take one pound of butter one pound of sugar, yolks of six eggs, hard-boiled, and flour enough to make a dough that is not too stiff.
Dissolve three cents worth of ammonia (hartshorn) in scalded milk. Place the ammonia in a large bowl and pour one cup of scalding milk over it. After this has cooled add it to the dough with one-half cup of cold milk. Flavor to taste. Flour the pans and the cookie dough. Roll and proceed as with sugar cookies.
These are all from the Sweet Celebrations site:
Bakers’ Ammonia is a leavening ingredient called for in many old world recipes, especially those from Scandinavia. It is also called “hartshorn”.
Unlike baking powder or soda, Bakers’ Ammonia (ammonium carbonate) leaves no unpleasant alkaline off-flavor in baked goods. It is used for cookies, crackers and cream puff-type pastries, items which are small, thin or porous. It is not used for cakes or other large items because the ammonia gas cannot evaporate from these items. You will notice an odor of ammonia while baking, but this will quickly dissipate and the baked product will not have an odor or taste of ammonia.
Because Bakers’ Ammonia has a tendency to evaporate when exposed to air, it should be stored in a jar with a tight cover. It will not spoil, but will “disappear” if not stored properly.
Delicate, light cookies that melt in your mouth
2 cups all-purpose flour
2 tsp. Vanilla Sugar
1 tsp. Bakers’ Ammonia
1 cup butter or margarine
1/2 cup sugar
48 almond halves, blanched or unblanched
Preheat oven to 275 F. Prepare baking sheet(s) by greasing or by lining with Kitchen Parchment (#64858). Thoroughly combine the flour, Vanilla Sugar and Bakers’ Ammonia. Set aside. Cream butter and sugar until light. Add the dry ingredients. Blend well. Form the dough into 48 small balls. Press down lightly on prepared baking sheet. Press an almond half on top of each. Be sure to keep cookies small. Yield: 4 dozen 2″ cookies.
German Cookies or Princess Gems
Crackle topped cookies with golden coconut accents.
1 cup butter
1/2 cup margarine
2 tsp. Bakers’ Ammonia 2 cups sugar
2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1 cup flaked coconut
Preheat oven to 325 F. Cream butter and margarine. Add the Bakers’ Ammonia and sugar; cream well. Add flour, a little at a time, mixing thoroughly. Fold in coconut. Form into 3/4″ balls and place 1″ apart on ungreased cookie sheet. Bake 20 to 25 minutes or until light brown around the edges. Yield: Approximately 101/2 dozen 3/4″ cookies.
Lemon Sweet Crackers
Fragile, light, tender lemon cookies
3 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 tsp. salt
1 1/2 tsp. Bakers’ Ammonia
1/2 cup shortening
1 cup sugar
1 egg white
1/2 cup milk
2 1/4 tsp. lemon extract
Preheat oven to 350 F. Prepare baking sheet(s) by greasing or by lining with Kitchen Parchment (#64858). Thoroughly combine the flour, salt and Bakers’ Ammonia. Set aside. Cream shortening and sugar well. Add egg white and beat until light. Add flour mixture to shortening mixture alternately with milk. Add lemon extract. Roll out and cut into 3″ squares. Bake about 8 minutes. Yield: 6 dozen thin cookies.
Sweet and delicious
2 cups butter
3 cups sugar
3 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1 Tbsp. Bakers’ Ammonia
1 cup finely ground almonds
Cream butter and sugar until fluffy. Combine flour, Bakers’ Ammonia and ground almonds. Blend the two mixtures together well. Form into small balls (about 3/4″) and freeze overnight.
Preheat oven to 300 F. Place frozen balls of dough on ungreased cookie sheets and bake 15 to 20 minutes or until a delicate brown on bottom. Yield: About 20 dozen tiny cookies.
Tender and tasty puffy shells
1/2 cup water
1/4 cup shortening or butter or margarine
3/4 cup all-purpose flour
1/4 tsp. salt
1 Tbsp. milk
1/2 tsp. Bakers’ Ammonia
Preheat oven to 400 F. Prepare baking sheet(s) by greasing and flouring or by lining with Kitchen Parchment (#64858). Place water and shortening (or butter or margarine) in a saucepan and bring to a boil. Add the flour and salt all at once and stir constantly with a wooden spoon until the mixture leaves the sides of the pan and forms a ball. Blend in the milk well. Remove pan from stove burner and stir in the eggs, one at a time, stirring well until completely blended. Mix in the Bakers’ Ammonia well. Drop on cookie sheets about 3 to 4 inches apart. Bake 20 to 25 minutes. Allow to cool completely before filling. Yield: 10 to 12 shells.
From epicurious.com, originally posted in Gourmet magazine.
SWEDISH DREAM COOKIES(DROMMAR)
“This recipe for Swedish drommar, meaning ‘dreams,’ comes from my grandmother,” writes Elizabeth Wigg Maxwell of New Providence, New Jersey. “She and my mother made these every Christmas when my siblings and I were growing up. As children, we were amazed that my mother had to go to the pharmacy to obtain one of the ingredients: ammonium carbonate. Equally incredible was the fact that something which smelled so horrible helped make such delicious cookies!”
“Years ago, I began baking drommar for my own family. I called the local pharmacy to request the unusual ingredient and was delighted when the pharmacist said, ‘You must be making those Swedish cookies!'”
Ammonium carbonate, used by European bakers, makes especially crisp cookies. Its smell, which you may find off-putting while making the dough, disappears completely in the baking process.
Active time: 40 min Start to finish: 2 1/2 hr
2 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 sticks (1 cup) unsalted butter, softened
1 1/4 cups sugar
1 teaspoon crushed ammonium carbonate (also called baker?s ammonium)
1/2 teaspoon almond extract
1 1/2 cups sweetened flaked coconut
Sift together flour and salt.
Beat together butter and sugar with an electric mixer until pale and fluffy. Beat in ammonium carbonate and almond extract until combined well. Mix in flour mixture at low speed just until blended, then stir in coconut. Form dough into a disk and chill, wrapped in plastic wrap, until firm, about 1 hour.
Preheat oven to 300?F.
Roll dough into 1-inch balls and arrange 1 inch apart on greased baking sheets.
Bake cookies in batches in upper third of oven until pale golden around edges, 18 to 22 minutes. Transfer cookies to a rack to cool.
Makes about 6 dozen.
Italian…from a BC thread, member Francesca contributed these two recipes:
recipes Baking ammonia
Here some recipes for you, they are traditionally from puglia, Italy.
Biscotti della nonna
This are biscotti we use to deep in warm milk for breakfast.
1 kilogram of flour
4 eggs and 2 yolks
200 g of milk
200 g of oil
25 g of ammonia
350 g of sugar
zest of one lemon
Beat the eggs with the sugar, add the oil, the milk and the lemon zest, the ammonia and then the flour. Mix it very well. Put the cookies on a baking sheet far apart from each other. Bake at 160 celsius for 15 mn. Let it cool and keep in a tin box.
Cassatine di ricotta
for the dough:
500 g of flour
150 g of butter
150 g of sugar
6 g of ammonia
a pinch of vanilla
1 lemon zest
milk (enough to form the dough)
For the filling
300 g of ricotta
100 g of almonds toasted and coarsely chopped)
100 g of sugar
1 teaspoon of cinammon
candied orange zest
a pinch of vanilla
Work all the ingredients for the dough until you get an homogeneous dough. Mix the ricotta with all the other ingredients for the filling. Take the dough and roll it in a thin layer and with a round mold of 10 centimeter in diameter cut rounds. Put in each round a little of the filling, fold the cassatina in half and seal it (like a small calzone). Put in a greased baking tray and cook at 160 celsius for about 20 minutes or until lightly gold. Let it cool, sprinkle with powdered sugar and serve it. The day after they are better. This is a traditional Easter sweet.
From the Uncle Phadrus site, in response to an inquiry re Mennonite ammonia cookies:
White Ammonia Cookies (Gruznikje or Pfefferminzk?ake)
from Mennonite Foods and Folkways from South Russia, by Norma Jost Voth:
2 cups sugar
1 cup shortening or butter
4 level teaspoons baking ammonia dissolved in 1 cup whipping cream
1 cup milk
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon oil of peppermint
5 to 6 cups sifted all-purpose flour
Cream sugar and shortening. Dissolve ammonia in cream. Combine cream and
milk. Add peppermint and salt to sugar mixture. Alternate sifted flour with
liquid and beat until batter is very smooth.
Roll out small portions of dough to 1/2 inch thickness on floured board. Cut
with round 2 1/2 inch cutter. Brush with a little water and sprinkle with
Bake on greased baking sheet at 400 degrees for 8 to 10 minutes. Cookies
should not brown on top. Cool.
Baker?s ammonia (ammonium carbonate) should be purchased only in small
amounts as it evaporates quickly if not tightly contained.
Prep Time: 15 Minutes
Cook Time: 10 Minutes
Ready In: 25 Minutes
2 1/2 cups white sugar
1/2 cup butter, softened
1 1/2 cups sour cream
1/2 cup milk
1 teaspoon peppermint extract
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 teaspoons bakers’ ammonia
3 cups all-purpose flour
1 Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Grease cookie sheets.
2 In a large bowl, cream together the white sugar and butter until smooth.
Beat in the eggs one at a time, then stir in the sour cream, milk and
peppermint extract. Combine the salt and bakers’ ammonia with 2 cups of the
flour and blend into the mixture. Gradually add more flour to make a stiff
dough. Leave the dough soft for drop cookies or add more flour to make
cut-out cookies. Drop dough from heaping spoonfuls onto the prepared cookie
3 Bake for 8 to 10 minutes in the preheated oven, or until golden. When
cool, ice with a simple confectioners’ glaze that has been flavored with
peppermint if desired.
Makes 60 servings
14 cups flour
3 tsp ammonia
3 cups sugar
3 sticks of butter
1 cup of milk
1/2 tsp vanilla
-Preheat oven to 200 C
-Butter baking pans
-Beat eggs with sugar
-Dissolve ammonia to milk
-Add milk to batter
-Add flour and knead until dough is smooth
-Form the cookies in any shape you like
-Place them in pans
-Bake for 20-30 minutes
5 lb. flour
3 c. sugar
3/4 c. oleo
3/4 c. shortening
7 tsp. ammonia powder
2 c. milk
1/2 tsp. anise oil
Mix well all ingredients until dough is a very smooth consistency.
Roll dough into balls about the size of a walnut. Bake at 375
degrees for 12-15 minutes.
2 1/2 c. sugar
3 eggs, beaten
1 c. shortening
3 tbsp. baker’s Ammonia
2 c. sweet milk
2 tsp. oil of lemon
1 tsp. salt
5 1/2 c. flour
Dissolve ammonia in milk. Cream shortening and sugar, add eggs,
and remaining ingredients using additional flour if necessary to
make it stiff enough to roll. Roll out, cut out and bake 12
LEMON AMMONIA COOKIES
2 c. sugar
1 c. Crisco
1 c. milk
1 oz. Bakers ammonia
1/4 oz. pure oil of lemon
1 tsp. salt
2 to 2 1/2 lb. flour
Cream together sugar and Crisco. Beat in eggs. Add ammonia to
milk and stir in additional ingredients. Bake at 450 degrees.
1 c. butter, not margarine
1 c. shortening
2 1/2 c. sugar
1 lg. pkg. fine coconut
3 c. flour
*2 tsp. Bakers Ammonia (buy at
Cream sugar, butter and shortening. Mix flour and ammonia
together and combine with creamed mixture. Add coconut. Roll into
balls (walnut size). Bake at 300 degrees until lightly browned 15
to 20 minutes. *Ammonia: May be crystallized so crush finely.
In the very same house in L?ngsj?ryd next to Kroken they made rye flour pretzels that filled you up nicely together with your meal, but the recipe comes from Ramdala where my grandmother grew up. Since toppings hardly exsisted they spread lard with salt on the bread instead on the halved pretzels. On special occasions one could get sugar on them. I have never had these wonderfully delicious pretzels anywhere else but at my mum’s (Anita) or grandmother’s (Sigrid). It’s a shame that they are not so well known. But perhaps we can remedy that here on Blekingerotter.
Anette Alm, Kallinge
Rye flour Pretzels
700 ml fine rye flour
50 ml sugar
1 tsp salt
3-4 tsp hartshorn
200g margerine (or butter)
1 cup sour cream (or buttermilk)
Place the flour on the work surface. Add the sugar and hartshorn. Add the margerine, room temperature. Mix the butter and flour lightly with your hands. Lastly add the cream. Kneed it together to a dough. If it feels too soft add some wheat flour. Shape quite thick pretzels. When they come out from the oven the holes should have disappeared (it’s more difficult to cut them into halves if the holes are too big).
Bake in the oven in 225? Centigrade, until they have a nice colour.
From House on the Hill’s website, commentary on baking ammonia:
Hartshorn or Baker’s Ammonia
(a.k.a. Ammonium Carbonate) An old-time leavening unexcelled for any cookies, producing an especially light, delicate texture. Hartshorn and baking powder can be used interchangeably in cookie recipes. Doughs made with Hartshorn store well and its leavening action is only trigered by heat, not moisture. Not affected by age, but will evaporate! There’ll be an ammonia smell during baking, but not in your cookies! It used to come in a form like rock salt, so old recipes instructed “crush with a rolling pin” then dissolve in liquid. Now, it comes in powdered form and is available from us direct.
From Victoria Packing Company’s site, containing info re leavening agents:
This forerunner of our modern and more stable leaveners is also known as powdered baking ammonia, hartshorn. Used for years in Europe to produce long-lasting crisp cookies, it must be pounded to a fine powder and then sifted with the dry ingredients or dissolved in a warm liquid such as water, rum or wine. Substitute it for the baking powder and baking soda called for in cookie and cake recipes. Buy only small amounts from the drugstore, as it quickly evaporates if not very tightly contained
From: Foodstudents site
April 2004: Baking, a light and fluffy tale (Part 2)
Part 2 Baking powder, or how an emergency solution offered the perfect solution
After a great deal had been done over the years to improve the performance of yeasts, there was suddenly a shortage of flour about 150 years ago, resulting in a shortage of bread. This presented a problem because when yeast makes the dough rise, it breaks down the flour in the process. The search for an alternative to yeast led to the discovery of a substance which has since become indispensable for baking.
In the middle of the nineteenth century a larger population had to be fed, but there was simply not enough flour.
The chemist Justus Liebig worked out that the amount of flour used up by yeast (see last month?s article) would be enough to make tens of thousands of extra loaves. In 1833 he came up with the big idea of using soda (sodium hydrogen carbonate, NaHCO3) instead of yeast. After addition of a substance with an acid reaction (potassium bitartrate, or cream of tartar), carbon dioxide was formed from the sodium bicarbonate and aerated the dough in just the same way as the fermentation gases of the yeast. This reaction marked the discovery of baking power. A baking powder made up of sodium bicarbonate, cream of tartar and starch as separator was on the market as early as 1853.
From this moment, baking powder was subjected to one improvement after another. At the beginning of the twentieth century a phosphate compound was discovered as acid carrier. This had the advantage that the carbon dioxide was not formed while the dough was being prepared but was only released afterwards when the dough was in the oven. This opened up the possibility of storing, or even freezing, ready-made dough for processing at a later time or piece by piece. Baking powder now became established in every kitchen and every bakery.
Baking powder in all its various forms is made up of three ingredients: a carbon dioxide carrier, an acid carrier and a separator.
The carbon dioxide carrier is the ingredient in baking powder which releases carbon dioxide when acted on by acid or heat. Sodium bicarbonate is almost always used for this purpose, and occasionally potash (potassium carbonate, K2CO3) or salts of hartshorn (a mixture of different ammonium carbonates).
Many substances are suitable as acid carriers. The ones most commonly used in modern baking powders are phosphate salts, though less frequently also cream of tartar, tartaric acid or citric acid.
The job of the separator is to dilute the carbon dioxide carrier and the acid carrier and separate them from one another to prevent them from reacting with one another before required. The separators used are starch and flour.
When the carbon dioxide carrier reacts with the acid carrier, the baking powder decomposes and carbon dioxide is formed. In this reaction, a distinction is drawn between two-component and one-component baking powders.
The two-component baking powder is the usual type which can be bought everywhere. It contains specified amounts of carbon dioxide carrier and acid carrier from which a given volume of carbon dioxide is formed in contact with a given amount of flour. One sachet of baking powder (18 g) contains about 2.5 g of bound carbon dioxide. About 1500 cubic centimetres of carbon dioxide are released during baking, which are enough to aerate a dough made of 500 g flour.
The one-component baking powder uses only a carbon dioxide carrier directly in the form of potash or salts of hartshorn. The carbon dioxide is formed when the potash or salts of hartshorn react with acids which have been either added to the dough or formed during storage of the dough. One example is the formic acid in honey which, when combined with potash, serves to release the carbon dioxide.
The products of all reactions involving baking powder, potash or salts of hartshorn are mostly in gas form. One of them is the carbon dioxide which helps to aerate the dough, the other a small proportion of water, which, because of the high temperatures in the oven, immediately leaves the dough as steam. Baking powder does not influence the taste of any dough. Only salts of hartshorn leave behind a slight hint of ammonia or spirits of ammonia, which is fully intentional and in fact gives the characteristic taste to certain types of bakery products like Christmas cookies.
Although baking powder was developed originally as a means of better bread baking, no use is made of it nowadays for this purpose. Biological raising agents such as yeast and sour dough have made a total comeback in bread baking. But for ?fine pastries?, baking powder has become absolutely indispensable. For cakes and pastries it works in combination with the air beaten in while the dough is being stirred or kneaded.
Nowadays various baking enzymes are used as a back-up for baking powder. Baking enzymes are protein substances which are added to the baking power or the dough to improve and speed up aeration of the dough by carbon dioxide formation. Together with the baking powder, these enzymes make a decisive contribution to the quality of the pastries and not only have a considerable influence on aeration and volume and but are also responsible for the brown colouring and the characteristic taste.
Baking powder together with baking enzymes have made themselves absolutely indispensable in all kinds of ready-made flours for fine pastries and also for basic and ready mixes.
With all this information in your heads, it is time to put some of it into practice. If you try out the cake recipe given below you will see what effects baking powder has and also how good the cake itself tastes.
Ingredients: 1 cup whipping cream, 5 eggs, 1 cup sugar, 2 cups of flour, 1 sachet baking powder, 1 sachet vanilla sugar, 100 g grated nuts or almonds
stir cream, eggs and sugar thoroughly with a hand-stirrer
add the remaining ingredients and mix thoroughly together
spread out over a greased baking tin and bake at around 200 C for 45 min
depending on your personal taste, you can cover the cake with various fruits or bake it as a marble cake (divide the dough into two halves and mix cocoa into one of them)
We wish you lots of fun with baking, and enjoy the result!
Old Fashioned Cookies
* 1-1/2 cup sugar
* 1 cup shortening
* 2 egg whites
* 1 tsp. salt
* 2 Tbsp. baking ammonia dissolved in
* 1 cup milk
* 1 tsp. Lemon oil
* 5-6 cups flour
Mix until dough can easily be handled. Roll out quite thick, then cut with desired cutters. Bake at 350F for 10-12 minutes. Don”t let the cookies get brown. Frost and decorate.
Careful when you open the oven door, there is a strong odor. This recipe, which is over 50 years old, was submitted by Ruth Hanson.
Shopping LisDecember 19, 2017 at 9:27 pm #10302
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